原文地址:http://www.1990c.com/?p=1058

本文主要是说PHP如何使用纯真IP数据库,代码见正文。

class ip {
    var $fh; //IP数据库文件句柄
    var $first; //第一条索引
    var $last; //最后一条索引
    var $total; //索引总数
  
    //构造函数
    function __construct() {
        $this->fh = fopen('qqwry.dat', 'rb'); //qqwry.dat文件
        $this->first = $this->getLong4();
        $this->last = $this->getLong4();
        $this->total = ($this->last - $this->first) / 7; //每条索引7字节
    }
  
    //检查IP合法性
    function checkIp($ip) {
        $arr = explode('.',$ip);
        if(count($arr) !=4 ) {
            return false;
        } else {
            for ($i=0; $i < 4; $i++) {
                if ($arr[$i] <'0' || $arr[$i] > '255') {
                    return false;
                }
            }
        }
        return true;
    }
  
    function getLong4() {
        //读取little-endian编码的4个字节转化为长整型数
        $result = unpack('Vlong', fread($this->fh, 4));
        return $result['long'];
    }
  
    function getLong3() {
        //读取little-endian编码的3个字节转化为长整型数
        $result = unpack('Vlong', fread($this->fh, 3).chr(0));
        return $result['long'];
    }
  
    //查询信息
    function getInfo($data = "") {
        $char = fread($this->fh, 1);
        while (ord($char) != 0) { //国家地区信息以0结束
            $data .= $char;
            $char = fread($this->fh, 1);
        }
        return $data;
    }
  
    //查询地区信息
    function getArea() {
        $byte = fread($this->fh, 1); //标志字节
        switch (ord($byte)) {
            case 0: $area = ''; break; //没有地区信息
            case 1: //地区被重定向
                fseek($this->fh, $this->getLong3());
                $area = $this->getInfo(); break;
            case 2: //地区被重定向
                fseek($this->fh, $this->getLong3());
                $area = $this->getInfo(); break;
            default: $area = $this->getInfo($byte);  break; //地区没有被重定向
        }
        return $area;
    }
  
    function ip2addr($ip) {
        if(!$this -> checkIp($ip)){
            return false;
        }
  
        $ip = pack('N', intval(ip2long($ip)));
  
        //二分查找
        $l = 0;
        $r = $this->total;
  
        while($l <= $r) {
            $m = floor(($l + $r) / 2); //计算中间索引
            fseek($this->fh, $this->first + $m * 7);
            $beginip = strrev(fread($this->fh, 4)); //中间索引的开始IP地址
            fseek($this->fh, $this->getLong3());
            $endip = strrev(fread($this->fh, 4)); //中间索引的结束IP地址
  
            if ($ip < $beginip) { //用户的IP小于中间索引的开始IP地址时
                $r = $m - 1;
            } else {
                if ($ip > $endip) { //用户的IP大于中间索引的结束IP地址时
                    $l = $m + 1;
                } else { //用户IP在中间索引的IP范围内时
                    $findip = $this->first + $m * 7;
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
  
        //查询国家地区信息
        fseek($this->fh, $findip);
        $location['beginip'] = long2ip($this->getLong4()); //用户IP所在范围的开始地址
        $offset = $this->getlong3();
        fseek($this->fh, $offset);
        $location['endip'] = long2ip($this->getLong4()); //用户IP所在范围的结束地址
        $byte = fread($this->fh, 1); //标志字节
        switch (ord($byte)) {
            case 1:  //国家和区域信息都被重定向
                $countryOffset = $this->getLong3(); //重定向地址
                fseek($this->fh, $countryOffset);
                $byte = fread($this->fh, 1); //标志字节
                switch (ord($byte)) {
                    case 2: //国家信息被二次重定向
                        fseek($this->fh, $this->getLong3());
                        $location['country'] = $this->getInfo();
                        fseek($this->fh, $countryOffset + 4);
                        $location['area'] = $this->getArea();
                        break;
                    default: //国家信息没有被二次重定向
                        $location['country'] = $this->getInfo($byte);
                        $location['area'] = $this->getArea();
                        break;
                }
                break;
  
            case 2: //国家信息被重定向
                fseek($this->fh, $this->getLong3());
                $location['country'] = $this->getInfo();
                fseek($this->fh, $offset + 8);
                $location['area'] = $this->getArea();
                break;
  
            default: //国家信息没有被重定向
                $location['country'] = $this->getInfo($byte);
                $location['area'] = $this->getArea();
                break;
        }
  
        //gb2312 to utf-8(去除无信息时显示的CZ88.NET)
        foreach ($location as $k => $v) {
            $location[$k] = str_replace('CZ88.NET','',iconv('gb2312', 'utf-8', $v));
        }
  
        return $location;
    }
  
    //析构函数
    function __destruct() {
        fclose($this->fh);
    }
}
  
$ip = new ip();
$addr = $ip -> ip2addr('61.150.47.47');
print_r($addr);